Interesting B History
Dr. Joseph Goldberger and Dr. William Henry Sebrell, Jr., working on pellagra at the Hygienic Laboratory.
|INTERESTING Niacin HISTORY
Pellagra, a disease which attacks the skin, gastrointestinal system and nervous system - existed in Europe as early as the 1700s. In 1915, more than 10,000 people died of Pellagra (and over 200,000 were suffering from it) in the United States. Dr. Joseph Goldberger with the US Public Health Service discovered that those suffering from pellagra, subsisted on the poverty-level southern diet which was mostly white flour, corn syrup, pork fat and sugar - they didn't raise fruits or vegetables and couldn't afford meat. (This diet eliminated sources of niacin.) It was not until 1937 that Dr. Conrad Elvhejem of the University of Wisconsin identified the curative factor that was missing - Niacin, and the cure for Pellagra became a reality.
INTERESTING B12 HISTORY
Before 1926 - 6000 women died of Pernicious Anemia every year. In 1922 - Dr. George Hoyt Whipple (University of Rochester, Pathologist) discovered that dogs suffering from a similar condition were cured by eating large amounts of raw beef liver. This led to two Harvard Doctors, Minot and Murphy, to test the benefits of liver on humans - which cured Pernicious Anemia. Over the years - liver therapy was refined and in 1948, the anti-pernicious anemia factor was isolated.
It was named B12.
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